Michele Dunne directs the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, D.C. Her research focuses on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policies in the Middle East. Previously she was the founding director of the Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East at the Atlantic Council, as well as editor of the Arab Reform Bulletin at Carnegie. Before her think tank career, Dunne was a Middle East specialist at the U.S. Department of State for nearly 20 years, serving in assignments that included the National Security Council staff, the Secretary of State’s Policy Planning staff, the U.S. Embassy in Cairo, and the U.S. Consulate General in Jerusalem. She also served as a visiting professor of Arabic language and Arab studies at Georgetown University, where she obtained her PhD.