Neuffer began her distinguished career with The Boston Globe in 1988. Over the years, she was a federal courts reporter, covered the Persian Gulf War in 1991, reported on the fall of the Soviet Union and the resignation of Mikhail Gorbachev, worked in the Globe's Washington bureau where she covered the Clinton Administration's efforts to reform health care, served in Berlin as the paper's European correspondent, and mostly recently worked as the paper's United Nations correspondent and roving foreign correspondent. Most recently, she reported extensively from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran and Iraq.
In 1997, Neuffer won the SAIS-Novartis Prize for Excellence in International Journalism for Buried Truth, a 10-part series of articles on war crimes in Bosnia and Rwanda. Paul Wolfowitz, then dean of the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) and now deputy defense secretary in the Bush administration, said at the time that the series demonstrated "exceptional qualities of reportorial perseverance, courage and commitment and brought important, unresolved issues to the publics attention." Neuffer was a 1998 winner of the Courage in Journalism Award granted by the International Women's Media Foundation.
Elizabeth was an Edward R. Murrow Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and the author of a book about war crimes and post-war justice, The Keys to My Neighbors House (2001). The book follows several people from the battlefield to the courtroom as they seek justice before the newly created ad hoc war crimes tribunals in Bosnia and Rwanda. She graduated with honors from Cornell University, with a degree in history. She also earned a masters degree in political philosophy from the London School of Economics. She speaks French, German and Russian.