Avian Flu and Tomorrow's Pandemics

TUE, OCT 18, 2005 (1:17:22)

A panel of experts open discussions of increasing health risks in a globalized world by talking about possible future pandemics, including the Avian Flu. This lecture is part one in a three part series of discussions from the National Press Foundation's "Increasing Health Risks in Our Globalized World: A Conference for Journalists."

Michael Osterholm, director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis and associate director of the Department of Homeland Security's National Center for Food Protection and Defense, provides an overview of the avian flu. Rex Archer, president of the National Association of County and City Health Officials discusses American preparations for avian flu and other pandemics, while Olusoji Adeyi, coordinator of Public Health Programs at The World Bank, provides an international perspective on preparation and the need to improve health in developing countries in order to reduce risk of pandemics.

+ BIO: Bob Meyers

President: Bob Meyers joined the foundation in 1993 as director of its Washington Journalism Center. He was appointed president of the foundation in 1995. From 1989 to 1993 Meyers was director of the Harvard Journalism Fellowship for Advanced Studies in Public Health. He is a former reporter for the Washington Post, and a former assistant city editor at the San Diego Union. He has written two books, Like Normal People and D.E.S.: The Bitter Pill. Educated in the New York City public schools system and at UCLA, he was awarded an academic fellowship at Harvard's Center for Health Communication in 1987-88. He is a member of the Fellowship Advisory Board of the Rosalynn Carter Fellowships for Mental Health Journalism. He has lectured at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government and Tsinghua University in Beijing.

+ BIO: Nanda Chitre

Nanda Chitre, Communications Director for Enough, has worked in the executive and legislative branches of the US government, in national public-policy and political campaigns, as a consultant to international campaigns and television and Hollywood programs, and as a visiting lecturer at Tufts University. She was deputy director for Rx for Child Survival, part of the Rx for Survival A Global Health Challenge project, which included a six-hour documentary, a multimedia initiative, and a social impact campaign, produced by WGBH Boston with funding by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. She served as Assistant Spokesperson for the United States Department of State and as Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary in the White House until 2001. Chitre worked in both Clinton-Gore presidential campaigns and the Presidential Transition. Her entertainment writing includes the show The West Wing and consulting for films in development. She also worked at US Department of Justice in the Criminal Division's Office of International Affairs, and for the Judiciary Committee of the US Senate. Ms. Chitre is an attorney admitted to the bar in Massachusetts and the District of Columbia.

+ BIO: Michael Osterholm

Dr. Osterholm has been an international leader on the critical concern regarding our preparedness for an influenza pandemic. His recent invited papers in the journals Foreign Affairs, the New England Journal of Medicine, and Nature detail the threat of an influenza pandemic and steps we must take to better prepare for that event. Dr. Osterholm has also been an international leader on the growing concern regarding the use of biological agents as catastrophic weapons targeting civilian populations. In that role, he served as a personal advisor to the late King Hussein of Jordan.

Dr. Osterholm is director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP), director of the NIH-supported Minnesota Center of Excellence for Influenza Research and Surveillance (MCEIRS) within CIDRAP, a professor in the Division of Environmental Health Sciences, and an adjunct professor in the Medical School, University of Minnesota. He is also a member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences.

Dr. Osterholm provides a comprehensive and pointed review of America's current state of preparedness for a bioterrorism attack in his New York Times best-selling book, Living Terrors: What America Needs to Know to Survive the Coming Bioterrorist Catastrophe. The author of more than 300 papers and abstracts, including 20 book chapters, Dr. Osterholm is a frequently invited guest lecturer on the topic of epidemiology of infectious diseases. He serves on the editorial boards of five journals, including Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology and Microbial Drug Resistance: Mechanisms, Epidemiology and Disease, and he is a reviewer for 24 additional journals, including the New England Journal of Medicine, the Journal of the American Medical Association, and Science.

+ BIO: Rex Archer

Rex Archer is a longstanding pioneer in the movement to make workplaces, hotels, bars and restaurants smoke free. He worked to pass significant smoke free legislation passed in Michigan, Maryland and now Kansas City. Leading the Kansas City Health Department, he has researched and adopted new cardiac resuscitation protocols which are saving the lives of people who have heart attacks. His goal is to get this research published, ultimately leading to nationwide adoption.

+ BIO: Olusoji Adeyi

Olusoji Adeyi is Coordinator of Public Health Programs in the Human Development Network of the World Bank, where he leads a number of initiatives on global public health policies, strategies and global public goods. Dr. Adeyi is team leader for the integration of health systems and priority health, nutrition and population interventions. He manages an initiative to design the Affordable Medicines Facility-malaria (AMFm), based on a high-level global subsidy. He led the Task Force that developed the World Banks Global Strategy and Booster Program for malaria control. Dr. Adeyi is the lead author of Public policy and the challenge of chronic non-communicable diseases, and convener of the analytical work on the economic benefit of tuberculosis control. Dr. Adeyi has extensive experience in policies, strategies and programs for health systems, service delivery and disease control at the global, regional and country levels. He has led major initiatives and programs, including: the Health Reform Implementation Program and the Tuberculosis and AIDS Control Program in Russia; Basic Health Services, Essential Hospital Services and War Victims Rehabilitation Programs in Bosnia-Herzegovina; Health Sector Reform in Romania; and Health Sector Recovery and Development in Albania. Dr. Adeyi has worked on the quality and costs of maternal health care in Nigeria, strategies and programs for AIDS control in Nigeria, rural health insurance in Thailand and the development of health services and information systems at the district level in Ethiopia. Dr. Adeyi holds a doctorate in health systems from the Johns Hopkins University, a masters in public health from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, a medical degree from the University of Ife in Nigeria, and an MBA from Imperial College, London.

National Press Foundation
AMERICAN EXPERIENCE: Influenza 1918 Series
Global Health Series
NOVA: Rx for Survival Series
PBS NewsHour: Anatomy of a Pandemic Series