Georgia Labor Commissioner and noted historian Michael L. Thurmond was born in rural Clarke County, Georgia on January 5, 1953, the youngest of the nine children of Sidney and Vanilla Thurmond. For eleven years he attended all black schools, graduating from consolidated Clarke Senior High School in 1971 as co-president of the student council and holder of the 100-yard dash record. At Paine College he started a student paper, was class president and graduated cum laude with B.A. in philosophy and religion in 1975. He graduated from the University of South Carolina Law School.
In the summer of 1975, he helped start the black Athens Voice newspaper and upon graduation from law school in 1978, published A Story Untold: Black Men and Women in Athens History. Thurmond returned to Athens to practice law and took an active role in civic affairs. In 1986, he became the first African American to be elected to the Georgia General Assembly from Clarke County since Reconstruction. In 1994, Governor Zell Miller selected Thurmond to head Georgia's transition from welfare to work. He became distinguished practitioner/lecturer at the University of Georgia's Carl Vinson Institute of Government. Thurmond became the first African American elected Georgia State Labor Commissioner in 1998. As commissioner, he oversees some four thousand employees while serving 90,000 families.
Thurmond chairs the Martin Luther King, Jr. Georgia State Holiday Commission, and serves on the board of curators of the Georgia Historical Society. He published a second book entitled, Freedom: An African American History of Georgia. Thurmond and his wife Zola have a daughter and are members of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Athens, Georgia.